Hundreds of thousands of people come to the United States from around the world for a higher education to improve their skills and broaden their minds. Numerous programs provide a wide variety of opportunities. There are three major types of student visas that an international student can come on to the United States to study.
WHY STUDY IN USA
THE 3 TYPES OF NON-IMMIGRANT STUDENT VISA
1. F1 VISA : ACADEMIC STUDIES
For people who want to study or conduct research at an accredited U.S. College or University. In order to be qualified for getting an F1, you must be accepted by an recognized university as a full time student. You must also prove the sufficient proof of financial support during this stay in United States. Except for the training required by the course a F-1 holder cannot work in the United States.
2. J VISA: ACADEMIC STUDIES AS AN EXCHANGE VISITOR
For people who will be participating in an exchange visitor program in the U.S. The J Visa is the primary visa for educational and cultural exchange programs. Check out the details about working in the U.S. with your program sponsor.
3. M VISA: NON-ACADEMIC OR VOCATIONAL STUDIES
For people who want to study or train at non-academic institutions in the U.S. such as vocational schools.
WORK RIGHT DURING STUDIES :
International students studying in the USA on F-1 status visa are eligible to work on campus up to 20 hours a week while school is in session, and can work full time during vacations / scheduled breaks. Students are eligible to begin employment immediately upon being admitted to the United States in F-1 status.
WORK RIGHTS FOR YOUR SPOUSE :
The spouse of a student cannot work if they have travelled to the USA on a dependent visa. If seeking employment, the appropriate work visa will be required.
POST STUDY WORK RIGHTS :
Most international students in the United States hold an F-1 visa, which is the U.S. non-immigrant student visa. F-1 students are allowed to work in the United States, but only under certain conditions and in accordance with complex guidelines and restrictions issued by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS). Generally, all employment is contingent on remaining within the terms and restrictions of F-1 visa. There are several categories of employment during the term of your stay as an F-1 student in the United States. On-campus employment is the most freely available, and then there are four categories of off-campus employment: optional practical training (OPT), curricular practical training (CPT), severe economic hardship, and approved international organizations. Student visa [F-1] holders are eligible for a total of 12 months Optional Practical Training [OPT] per educational level completed. To get the Additional 17 months OPT extension [total of 29 months which includes 12 months OPT as stated above], student must complete a degree from STEM Majors. STEM refers to degrees in science, technology, engineering, mathematics.